Centre for the Study of Indian Science (CSIS)

The Centre for the Study of Indian Science is dedicated to deepening our understanding of Indian scientific traditions. The centre primarily focuses on historical and philological studies based on primary sources, but also engages with aspects of oral tradition and material culture.

Ṛgveda Manuscript (Zysk Collection KZ-84)

CSIS constitutes the research wing of the discipline of Indology in the Department of Cross-Cultural and Regional Studies (CCRS) at the University of Copenhagen. It works out of a dedicated room in the department which also houses a collection of approximately 3000 Indic manuscripts. The manuscripts were donated to the centre by Professor Emeritus Kenneth G. Zysk on the eve of his retirement on March 1, 2020. Today they form a key component in the research activities at the centre.

CSIS aims at maintaining an Indological presence at the University of Copenhagen and ensuring the continuation of a research tradition that reaches back almost two centuries. The centre currently employs two full-time researchers, and conducts weekly seminars attracting students and scholars from various disciplines and backgrounds. It also upholds the teaching of Sanskrit at the university, and gives guest lectures on subjects related to a wide range of topics within the discipline of Indology.





Misra, Anuj (August 2021) An Examination of Spheres: the Golādhyāya of Nityānanda’s Sarvasiddhāntarāja. Scientific Writings from the Ancient and Medieval World. New York: Routledge.


Zysk, Kenneth G. (2021) Asceticism and Healing in Ancient India. Second enlarged and revised edition. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Knudsen, Toke Lindegaard, Jacob Schmidt-Madsen, and Sara Speyer (eds.) (2021) Body and Soul: Studies in Early Indian Medical and Astral Sciences in Honor of Kenneth G. Zysk. Leiden: Brill.

Misra, Anuj, Clemency Montelle, and Kim Plofker (2020) The Sanskrit Astronomical Table Text Brahmatulyasāraṇī: Numerical Tables in Textual Scholarship. Leiden: Brill.

Schmidt-Madsen, Jacob (2019) The Game of Knowledge: Playing at Spiritual Liberation in 18th- and 19th-Century Western India. Unpublished doctoral dissertation from the University of Copenhagen, Denmark. 

Zysk, Kenneth G. (2015) The Indian System of Human Marks. 2 vols. Sir Henry Wellcome Asian Series 15. Leiden: Brill.

Knudsen, Toke Lindegaard (2014) The Siddhāntasundara of Jñānarāja: An English Translation with Commentary. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.



Schmidt-Madsen, Jacob. "Phañjikā: A Folk Game Goes To Court. Translation, Commentary, and Discussion of Mānasollāsa 5.16" in History of Science in South Asia (?).

Misra, Anuj. "Sanskrit Recension of Persian Astronomy. The computation of true declination in Nityānanda's Sarvasiddhāntarāja" in History of Science in South Asia 9.

Zysk, Kenneth G. “An Underlying Divinatory Structure Common to Bharata and Semonides” in Laura Massetti (ed.) Proceedings of the Indo-European Religion and Poetics Conference, University of Copenhagen 2019. Leiden Studies in Indo-European Series. Leiden: Brill.

Zysk, Kenneth G. “From Symposion to Goṣṭhī: The Story of the Adaptation of a Greek Social Custom in Ancient India” in Bulletin d’Etudes Indiennes.

Zysk, Kenneth G. “The Marks of the Buddha, Revisited” in Anand Singh (ed.) Rethinking Buddhism: Text, Context, and Contestations. Delhi: Primus Publishers.


Schmidt-Madsen, Jacob (2021) "Games of Knowledge: Jain Bāzī" in Jaina Studies: Newsletter of the Centre of Jaina Studies 16, pp. 18-20.

Schmidt-Madsen, Jacob (2021) "The Crux of the Cruciform: Retracing the Early History of Chaupar and Pachisi" in Board Game Studies Journal 15:1, pp. 29-77.

Knudsen, Toke Lindegaard (2021) "Three Purāṇic Statements on the Shape of the Earth" in History of Sceince in South Asia 9, pp. 128-66.

Misra, Anuj (2021) "Persian Astronomy in Sanskrit: A Comparative Study of Mullā Farīd’s Zīj-i Shāh Jahānī and its Sanskrit Translation in Nityānanda’s Siddhāntasindhu" in History of Science in South Asia 9, pp. 30-127.

Zysk, Kenneth G. (2021) Doṣas by the Numbers: The Buddhist and Greek Contributions to the Origins of the Tridoṣa-Theory in Early Indian Medical Literature” in History of Science in South Asia 9, pp. 1-29.

Zysk, Kenneth G. (2019) “Mesopotamian and Indian Physiognomy” in J. Cale Johnson and Alessandro Stavru (eds.) Visualizing the Invisible with the Human Body: Physiognomy and Ekphrasis in the Ancient World. Science, Technology, and Medicine in the Ancient World Series 10. Berlin/Boston: De Gruyer.

Zysk, Kenneth G. (2019) “Mesopotamian Physiognomic Omens in India” in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 169:2, pp. 379-394.

Zysk, Kenneth G. (2019) “Varāhamihira’s Physiognomic Omen in the Garuḍapurāṇa” in History of Science in South Asia 7, pp. 72-81.

Zysk, Kenneth G. and Tsutomu Yamashita (2018-19) “Sanskrit Medical Scholasticism: Jajjaṭa’s Nirantarapadavyākhyā and Other Commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā, Cikitsāsthāna 2.1” in eJournal of Indian Medicine 10:1, pp. 1-113.

Zysk, Kenneth G. (2018) “Greek and Indian Physiognomics” in Journal of the American Oriental Society 138:2, pp. 313-325.

Zysk, Kenneth G. (2018) “The Human Character Types in Ancient India: A Study in the Transmission of Knowledge between Genres in Early Sanskrit Literature” in Indo-Iranian Journal 61:3, pp. 218-261.

Zysk, Kenneth G., Marko Geslani, Bill M. Mak, and Michio Yano (2017) “Garga and Early Astral Science” in History of Science in South Asia 5:1, pp. 151-191.









Zysk Collection

A handlist of the approximately 3000 indic manuscripts in the Zysk Collection is currently being prepared.

Critical Pali Dictionary

A fully searchable online version of the Critical Pali Dictionary (CPD) originally prepared at the University of Copenhagen is now hosted at the University of Cologne.


Jacob Schmidt-Madsen
+45 51 30 26 24

Room 10.4.68


Name Title Phone E-mail
Schmidt-Madsen, Jacob Postdoc +4551302624 E-mail