Kenneth Gregory Zysk

Kenneth Gregory Zysk

Professor, emeritus


M.A., Asian Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara, 1976.

Ph.D., Ancient Indian History and Civilisations, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia, 1981.

D.Philos., Indology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway, 2001.


Foreign Language and Area Studies Fellowship for Hindī, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1976-77.

Ph.D., Scholarship, Australian National University, 1977-81.

Hannah Post-Doctoral Fellowship, University of Toronto, 1984-86.

Lawrence Research Fellowship, The Institute for Advanced Studies of World Religions, State University of New York-Stony Brook, 1987.

National Institutes of Health Publications Grant (LM 04514) for a study of asceticism and healing in India, 1986-88.

Research Assistance Grant, American Academy of Religion, 1988-89.

Wellcome Institute Research Fellowship, London, England, 1989-90 (one year).

Smithsonian Institution Travel Grant to India, 1990.

National Endowment for the Humanities Travel to Collections Grant, 1992.

American Institute of Indian Studies, Senior Research Grant, 1996-97.

Senior Fulbright Scholar to India, 1997-98.

Distinguished Visitor, Indian Council for Cultural Relations, 2005.

Galathea Ekspeditionsfond, Tranquebar Initiativ, Nationalmuseet, 2006-

Elisabet de Boer Senior Fellowship, Université de Lausanne, 2007

Asian Dynamics Initiative, University of Copenhagen, Travel Grant, 2009.


Teaching Assistant, Department of Religious Studies and Research Assistant, Department of History, University of California, Santa Barbara, 1974-76.

Bibliographical Assistant in South Asian Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1976-77.

Research Scholar, Australian National University, 1977-81.

Assistant Research Historian, University of California, Los Angeles, 1982-84.

Tutor and Lecturer, Department of Religious Studies, University of Toronto, 1984-86.

Visiting Lecturer and Fellow, Department of South Asian Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1986-87.

Lecturer in Asian Religions, Department of History and Philosophy, Eastern Michigan University, 1987-90.

Assistant Professor of Near Eastern Languages and Literatures, Religious Studies Program, Department of Near Eastern Languages and Literatures, New York University, 1990-96.

Directeur de Recherche, Centre Nationale de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Paris,

1992 (three months).

Directeur d'Études Associé, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris, 1992-3.

Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of Religion, Columbia University, 1995-96.

Visiting Scholar, Religious Studies Program, New York University, 1996-97 (6 months).

Lektor (Associate Professor) and Head of Indology, Department of Asian Studies and Cross-Cultural and Regional Studies, University of Copenhagen, 1997-2017.

Directeur d'Études Associé, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Section des Sciences Historiques et Philologiques, Sorbonne, Paris, May, 2005.

Senior Fellow, French Institute in Pondicherry, January-March, 2007.

Visiting Senior Fellow, Université de Lausanne, April-August, 2007.

Visiting Professor, University of Pune and Deccan College Post Graduate Research Institute, Pune, February-April, 2014.

Khyenste Professor, Department of Pali, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India, January-April 2017.

Professor of Indology and Indian Science, Head of Indology, Department of Cross-Cultural and Regional Studies, University of Copenhagen, 2017- Present.

Khyenste Professor, Department of Pali, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India, January-March 2018.


Project Director, Indic Traditions of Healthcare, Columbia University, 1995-7.

Director of Undergraduate Studies, Program in Religious Studies New York University, 1990-96.

Director of Graduate Studies, Program in Religious Studies, New York University, 1992-96.

Director of the Program in Religious Studies, New York University, 1993-96.

Member of University Committee on Academic Standards, New York University, 1991-96.

Member of Committee on Undergraduate Honors, New York University, 1994-96.

Head of Indology, University of Copenhagen, 1997-.

Director of the Study Programme, Department of Asian Studies, University of Copenhagen, autumn, 2002-03.

Member of the Committee for the Study Programme, Section of Asian Studies, University of Copenhagen, 2002-06.

Chairperson, Censor Corps for Indology, Denmark, 2005-.

Committee for Modern South Asia, University of Copenhagen, 2005-.Chairperson, Publications Committee, Institut for Tværkulturelle og Regionale Studier: Sprog, Religion og Samfund, 2005-6.

Member, Publications Committee, Institut for Tværkulturelle og Regionale Studier: Sprog, Religion og Samfund, 2006-2016.

Member, Videncenters Committee, Institut for Tværkulturelle og Regionale Studier: Sprog, Religion og Samfund, 2008-2010.

Director of the Centre for the Study of Indian Science, University of Copenhagen, 2016-


Managing Editor, Critical Pāli Dictionary, University of Copenhagen, 2000-2005.

Assistant Editor, Indian Journal of Buddhist Studies, 2001-2008.

Joint-Editor, of book series, Indian Medical Tradition, Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, New Delhi, 1996-.

Honorary Editor, Asian Medicine. Tradition and Modernity, Leiden, 2001-

Editorial Board of the Indian Journal of the History of Science, New Delhi, 2013-

PUBLICATIONS              Books

Religious healing in the Veda, with translations and annotations of medical hymns from the Ṛgveda and the Atharvaveda. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1985.

Reprint: Religious medicine. The development Indian medicine. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 1993.
Reprint: Medicine in the Veda. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1996, 2009. [Vol 1 of Indian Medical Tradition].

 A.L. Basham. The origin and development of classical Hinduism. Edited, revised and
completed by K.G. Zysk.  Boston: Beacon Press, 1989; New Delhi: Oxford
University Press, 1990. Paperbacks: London: Century Hutchinson, 1990; New
York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Asceticism and healing in ancient India. Medicine in the Buddhist monastery. New York
and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Paperback: New Delhi: Oxford
University Press, 1991. Indian edition: Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1997, reprint, 2000. [Vol 2 of Indian Medical Tradition].
Japanese translation: Kodai Indo no Kugyo to Iyashi: Bukkyo to Ahyuru Vehda no Aida, Tokyo: JIKU-Shuppan, 1993.
Chinese translation: Yindu chuantong yixue: gu Yindu Fojiao jiaotuan zhi yixue:
kuxing yu zhibing, transl. by Chen Jiefu, Xu Shiyuan. Taipei: Guoli Zhongguo
Yiyao Yanjiusuo, 2001.
Thai translation: Lathi Nak Phrot. Lae Kan Yiow Ya Nai India Boran: Rabop Kan Phaet Nai Phuth Aram. transl. by Thiradet Uthaiwitthayarathan. Bankok: Traditional Thai Medical Knowledge Development Working Group, Institute for Traditional Thai Medicine. Traditional Thai and Alternative Medicine Development Department. Ministry of Public Health, 2008.

Conjugal Love in India.  Ratiśāstra and Ratiramaṇa. Text, translation, and notes. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 2002 [Sir Henry Wellcome Asian Series, Vol. 1].

The Indian system of human marks. 2 Vols. Leiden:E.J Brill. 2016 [Sir Henry Wellcome Asian Series, vol. 15].

Short Monographs

Siddha Medicine in Tamil Nadu. Copenhagen: Nationalmuseet, 2008 [Tranquebar Initiativets Skriftserie, nr. 4].

Articles: Refereed

"Studies in traditional Indian medicine in the Pāli Canon: Jīvaka and āyurveda," Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies, 5, 1982, 70-86.

"Some observations on the dissection of cadavers in ancient India," Ancient Science of
Life, 2.3, 1983, 187-89.
"Fever in Vedic India," Journal of the American Oriental Society (JAOS), 103.3, 1983,

"An annotated bibliography of translations into western languages of principal Sanskrit medical treatises," Clio Medica, 19.3-4, 1984, 281-91.

"Towards the notion of health in the Vedic phase of Indian medicine," Zeitschrift der
Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, 135.2, 1985, 312-18.

"The evolution of anatomical knowledge in ancient India, with special reference to cross-cultural influences," JAOS, 106.4, 1986, 687-705.

"Mantra in āyurveda: A study of the use of magico-religious speech in ancient Indian
 medicine," in Harvey Alper, ed., Mantra (Albany, New York: SUNY Press, 1989), 123-43.

"Indian ascetic traditions and the origins of āyurvedic medicine," Journal of the European Āyurvedic Society, 1 (1990), 119-24.

"Aṣṭāṅgasaṃgraha, Kalpasthāna I. Translation and notes," Panels of the VIIth World
Sanskrit Conference, Vol. VII: Medical Literature from India, Sri Lanka and Tibet,
ed. by  G. Jan Meulenbeld (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1991), 113-36.

"Reflections on an Indo-European system of medicine," in Perspectives on Indo-European Language, Culture and Religion. Studies in honor o f Edgar Polomé (McLean, Virginia: Institute for the Study of Man, 1992), 321-36.

"The science of respiration and the doctrine of the vital breaths in ancient India," JAOS, 113.2, 1993, 198-213.

"Aṣṭāṅgasaṃgraha, Kalpasthāna II. Translation and notes." Translation and notes," Journal of the European Āyurvedic Society, 3, 1993, 319-51.

"Magic, myth, mysticism and medicine," in Margaret Case, ed., Heinrich Zimmer: Coming into His Own. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994), pp. 87-103.

"New Approaches to the Study of Early Buddhist Medicine: Use of Technical Brāhmaṇic  Sources in Sanskrit for the Interpretation of Pāli Medical Texts," Pacific World, New Series, No. 11 (1995), 143-54.

"Aṣṭāṅgasaṃgraha, Kalpasthāna III. Translation and notes." Journal of the European
Āyurvedic Society, 4, 1995, 26-54.

"Aṣṭāṅgasaṃgraha, Kalpasthāna IV. Translation and notes." Journal of the European
Āyurvedic Society, 5, 1997, 25-45.

"Did ancient Indians have a notion of contagion?"  in Lawrence I. Conrad and Dominik Wujastyk, eds., Contagion. Perspectives from Pre-Modern Societies (Aldershot, UK: Ashagate, 2000), 79-95.

"Mythology and the brāhmaṇization of Indian medicine: Transforming Heterodoxy into Orthodoxy,” in Folke Josephson, ed., Categorisation and Interpretation (Indological and comparative studies from an international Indological meeting at the Department of Comparative Philology, Göteborg Universitet) [Meijerbergs Arkiv för Svensk Ordforskning, 24], (Göteborg: Göteborg Universitet, 1999), 125-45.

“New Age Āyurveda or What happens to Indian medicine when it comes to America.” Traditional South Asian Medicine, 6, 2001, 10-26.

“Medical Sanskrit. An Exercise in Translating and Interpreting Sanskrit Medical Literature.” Orientalia Suecana, LI-LII , 2002-2003, 491-502.

“Potency therapy in classical Indian medicine.” Asian Medicine. Tradition and Modernity, 1.1, 2005, 101-118.

“Indian traditions of physiognomy: Preliminary remarks,” in Knut A. Jacobsen, ed. Theory and Practice of Yoga. Essays in Honour of Gerarld James Larson. Numen Book Series. Studies in the History of Religions, Vol. 110 (Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2005), 425-43.

“The bodily winds in ancient India revisited.” Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (N.S.), 2007, 105-115.

“Animal usage in the Sanskrit traditions of lovemaking, lawful conjugal love, and medicine,” in Nalini Balbir and Georges-Jean Pinault, eds., Penser, dire et représenter l’animal dans le monde indien (Paris: Libraire Honoré Champion, Editeur 2009) [Bibliothèque de l’Ecole des Hautes Etudes Sciences Historiques et Philologiques, t. 345], 287-304.

“Some reflections on Siddha Medicine in Tamilnadu.” Indian Journal of History of Science, 44.2(2009), 199-208.

“Sanskrit commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā with special reference to Jajjaṭa’s Nirantarapadavyākhyā.” eJournal of Indian Medicine, 2 (2009), 83-99.

“Citations in Jajjaṭa’s Nirantarapadavyākhyā.” eJournal of Indian Medicine, 3 (2010), 69-99.

“The use of manuscript catalogues as sources of regional intellectual history in India’s early modern period.” Chapter 13 in Saraju Rath, ed. Aspects of manuscript culture in South India. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2012, pp. 253-87 and Plates xxvi-xxviii.

“An Indologist looks at Siddha medicine in Tamilnadu.” Chapter 6 in Dominik Wujastyk, et al., eds, Medical texts and manuscripts in Indian cultural history (Delhi: Manohar, 2013), pp. 181-94.

“Jajjaṭa’s Nirantarapadavyākhyā on the Carakasaṃhitā, cikitsāsthāna 2.1.1-4ab.” Chapter 8 in Dominik Wujastyk, et al., eds, Medical texts and manuscripts in Indian cultural history (Delhi: Manohar, 2013), pp. 221-41.

“The History of Indology in Denmark,” in Klaus Karttunen, ed. History of Indological Studies. Papers of the 12th World Sanskrit Conference, Vol. 11.2. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 2013, pp. 175-186.

 Articles: Unrefereed

"A note on ancient Indian medicine," Bulletin of the Indian Institute of History of
Medicine, 8, 1977, 14-23.

"Arthur Llewellyn Basham: 24 May 1914 - 27 January 1986," JAOS, 106.2, 1986, 411-12.

"Buddhist healing and āyurveda: Some General Observations," in S.K. Maity, et al., eds. Studies in Orientology. Essays in Memory of Prof. A.L. Basham (Agra, India: Y.K. Publishers, 1988), 124-35.

"Asceticism and healing in ancient India," Kagaku-Igaku Shiryo Kenkyo (Document
Research in Science and Medicine), Vol. 203, 1991, 6-12 (in Japanese).

"Vital breath (prāṇa) in ancient Indian medicine and religion." in Yosio Kawakita, et al., eds., The Comparison Between Concepts of Life-Breath in East and West (Tokyo: Ishiyaku EuroAmerican, Inc., Publishers, 1995), 33-65.

"Traditional Āyurveda." in Marc S. Micozzi, ed., Fundamentals of Complementary and
Alternative Medicine (New York and London: Churchill Livingston, 1996),

“A working glossary of Pāli plant names,” in B.L. Gaur and S. Sharma, eds., Researches in Ayurveda past and present (Felicitation Volume in honour of Prof. Vaidya Priyavrata Sharma) (Jaipur: Publication Scheme, 1997), 35-38.

“Classical Ayurveda and its Modern Practice: Study and Fieldwork of Ayurveda in India and in America,” in A. Salema, ed., Ayurveda at the Crossroads of Care and Cure. Proceeding of the Indo-European Seminar on Ayurveda held at Arrábida, Portugal, in November 2001 (Lisboa & Pune: Centro de História de Além-Mar Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2002), 218-228.

“Medicine.” in Robert E. Buswell, Jr., Encyclopedia of Buddhism. Vol. Two. M-Z. (New York: Macmillian Reference USA, 2004), 518-520.

"Traditional Āyurveda." in Marc S. Micozzi, ed., Fundamentals of Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Third Edition. (St. Louis, Missouri: Saunders Elsevier, 2006), Chapter 25, 494-507.

“Purān: upakathā evaṃ bharatīya cikitsāvidyār vrāhmaṇāyan: agoṃḍāder śāstramate ātmasthakaraṇ” in Jayanta Bhattacharyya, ed., Bhārater patabhumite cikitsāvijñāner itihās: saṃkṣipta paryalocanā. Kolkata: Avabhās, 2009), 36-52 (in Bengali)

“Kāma.” in Knut A. Jacobsen, ed., Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism. Vol. Two. Sacred Texts, Ritual Traditions, Arts, Concepts. (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 2010), 772-777.

“Carsten Niebuhr og Rasmus Rask i Indien. Sådan kom indologien til Danmark.” Tværkultur. Om Forskere på Rejse. 250-Året for Carsten Niebuhrs rejse til Det Lykkelige Arabien. Årbog fro ToRS (Københavns Universitet), 2010, pp. 19-26.

“Traditional Medicine in India: Ayurveda and Siddha.” in Marc S. Micozzi, ed. Fundamentals of Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Fourth Edition. (St. Louis, Missouri: Saunders Elsevier, 2011), Chapter 29, pp. 455-467.

“Energy-Based Bodywork Therapy: Shiatsu and Ayurveda.” in Susana G. Salvo, ed., Massage Therapy. Principles and Practice. Fourth Edition (St. Louis, Missouri: Saunders Elsevier, 2011), Chapter 16, pp. 314-345.

Book Reviews

Ram Karan Sharma and Vaidya Bhagwan Das (trans.), Agniveśa’s Charaka Saṃhitā, Vol. 1, Asian Studies Association of Australia-Review, 3, 1979, 71-3.

G. J. Larson, Classical Sāṃkhya, 2nd edition, Asian Studies Association of Australia-Review, 4, 1980, 88-90.

Stephen Beyer, The Cult of Tārā: Magic and Ritual in Tibet, Religious Traditions
(Australia), 3, 1980, 59-60.

Sudhir Kakar, Shamans, Mystics and Doctors: A Psychological Inquiry into India and Its
Healing Traditions, JAOS, 103.4, 1983, 736.

Balaji Mundkar, The Cult of the Serpent: An Interdisciplinary Survey of Its Manifestations and Origins, JAOS, 104.3, 1984, 605.

J. A. Schoterman (ed. and trans.), The Ṣaṭsāhasra Saṃhitā, JAOS, 104.3, 1984, 606.

Jean Filliozat (ed. and trans.), Yogaśataka, Indo-Iranian Journal, 23, 1981, 309-13 and JAOS, 104.4, 1984, 782.

Henry Danielson (ed. and trans.), Ādiśeṣa, The Essence of Supreme Truth (Paramārthasāra), JAOS, 104.4, 1984, 784.

Willard Johnson, Poetry and Speculation in the Ṛgveda, JAOS, 104.4, 1984, 783-4.

Alaka Chattopadhyaya, Atīśa and Tibet, JAOS, 104.4, 1984, 783.

S. M. Desai, Haribhadra's Yoga Works and Psychosynthesis, JAOS, 104.4, 1984, 788.

H.H. Bhagvat Singhjee, Aryan Medicial Science: A Short History, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, 40, 1985, 111-13.

Sukomal Chaudhuri, Contemporary Buddhism in Bangladesh, JAOS, 105.1, 1985, 180-1.

Kamakhya Prasad Singh Choudhary, Modern Hindu Mysticism, JAOS, 105.4, 1985, 807-8.

Axel Michaels, A Comprehensive Śulbasūtra Word Index, JAOS, 105.4, 1985, 807.

M. Ramakrishna Bhatt (trans.), Varāhamihira’s Bṛhat Saṃhitā, and Hans-Georg Tüstig, Jyotiṣa: Das System der indischen Astrologie, JAOS, 105.4, 1985, 790-1.

G.U. Thite, Medicine: Its Magico-religious Aspects According to the Veda and Later                   Literature, JAOS, 105.4, 1985, 808.

K.S. Ramamurthi, et al. (eds.), Surabhi. Sreekrishna Sarma Felicition Volume, JAOS,
106.4, 1986, 889.

Manuel Sarkisyanz, Die Kulturen Kontinental-Südostasiens, JAOS, 106.4, 1986, 888-89.

Randy Kloetzli, Buddhist Cosmology (From Single World System to Pure Land: Science            and Theology in the Images of Motion and Light, JAOS, 106.4, 1986, 888.

Michael Moffatt, An Untouchable Community in South India: Structure and Consensus, JAOS, 106.4, 1986, 887-88.

G.J. Meulenbeld (ed.), Proceedings of the International Workshop on Priorities in the Study of Indian Medicine, JAOS, 106.4, 1986, 865.

P.V. Sharma, Ḍalhaṇa and His Comments on Drugs, JAOS, 106.4, 1986, 864-65.

Martin Southwold, Buddhism and Life. The Anthropological Study of Religion and Sinhalese Practice of Buddhism, JAOS, 107.1, 1987, 206-07.

P.T. Raju, Structural Depths of Indian Thought, JAOS, 107.3, 1987, 521-22.

Narasingha Prosad Sil, Kauṭilya's Arthaśāstra: A Comparative Study, JAOS, 107.4, 1987, 838-39.

Peter Gaefke and David Utz, eds., Science and Technology in South Asia, JAOS, 107.4,
1987, 838.

Caren Dreyer, Das Kāṭhaka-Gṛhya-Sūtra mit Vivaraṇa des Ādityadarśana, Bhāṣya des Devapāla, Gṛhyapañcikā des Brāhmaṇabala. Kritische Edition mit Anmerkungen, Teil I. 1. Kaṇḍikā und Sandyopāsanamantrabhāṣya des Devapāla, JAOS, 108.4, 1988, 639-40.

David J. Dell, et al., Guide to Hindu Religion, JAOS, 109.1, 1989, 172-73.

K. Satchidananda Murty, Philosophy in India: Traditions, Teachings and Research, JAOS, 109.1, 1989, 172-73.

G.J. Meulenbeld and Dominik Wujastyk, eds. Studies on Indian Medical History, Indo-
Iranian Journal, 32, 1989, 322-27.

Francis Zimmermann, The Jungle and the Aroma of Meats, Indo-Iranian Journal, 33,
1990, 205-09.

T.S. Maxwell, Viśvarūpa, Religious Studies Review, 15.2, 1989, 184.

Rahul Peter Das, Das Wissen von der Lebensspanne der Bäume. Surapālas Vṛkṣāyurveda, Indo-Iranian Journal, 34, 1991, 261-20 and JAOS, 110.4, 1990, 743-44.

Obeyesekere, Ranjini, trans. Jewels of the Doctrine. Stories of the Saddharma Ratnāvaliya, Tricycle. The Buddhist Review, 1, 1991, 93-4.

N. Dasai Prakash, Health and Medicine in the Hindu Tradition, JAOS, 111.3, 1991, 597-98.

Hella Wellmer, Galle: Geomedizinsche Analyse einer Küstenstadt auf Sri Lanka (Ceylon), JAOS, 112.1, 1992, 175-76.

Brian K. Smith, Classifying the Universe: The Ancient Indian Varṇa System and the
Origin of Caste, Journal of Asian Studies, 55.3, 1996, 770-71.

Rahul P. Das and Ronald E. Emmerick, comp. and ed., Vāgbhaṭa’s Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 3rd Series, 2.1, 2001, 90-1.

J. Liyanaratne. Buddhism and Traditional Medicine in Sri Lanka, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 64.1, 2001, 133-34.

G.J. Meulenbeld. A History of Indian Medical Literature. 3 vols. in 5 pts. Indo-Iranian Journal, 45, 2002, 358-61.

Federick M. Smith. The Self-Possessed. Deity and Spirit Possession in South Asian Literature and Civilization. Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 76, 2008, 246-49.

Rahul Peter Das, hrsg. Taditional South Asian Medicine. Vol. 8. 2008. Orientalistische Literaturzeitung, 105, 2010.1, 104-105.

Rahul Peter Das, hrsg. Reinhold F.G. Müller. Kleine Schriften zur traditionellen Medizin Südasiens. Indo-Iranian Journal, 52.1, 2009, 75-77.

Dominik Wujastyk, ed. Mathematics and Medicine in Sanskrit. Acta Orientalia, 71, 2010, 342-346.


Numerous Invited lectures in North America, Europe, Japan, and India.


Numerous conference papers, especially the annual meetings of the American Oriental Society.


Chairman, Censor Board for Indology and Modern South Asian Studies, Denmark.

Project-reviewer, Research Council of Norway.

Project-reviewer, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft.

Review of manuscripts for various scholarly journals.

Reviewer of manuscripts in Religious Studies, HarperCollins, New York.

Reviewer of manuscripts in Religious Studies, St. Martin's Press, New York.

Reviewer of manuscripts in South Asia, State University of New York Press.

Reviewer of manuscripts in South Asia, University of California Press.

Reviewer of manuscripts in South Asia, Columbia University Press.

External Examiner of Ph.D. Theses, Jadavpur University, Calcutta, India.

External Examiner of Ph.D. Theses, Utkal University, Bhubaneshvar, Orissa, India.

Consultant for Time-Life Books (Alternative Medicine); Publications International;

Metagenics (Neutriceuticals); Ethno-Botanica Limited (Neutriceuticals).


American Oriental Society; International Association for the Study of Traditional Asian Medicine; International Association of Buddhist Studies.




Professor of Indology and Indian Science

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